Emergency Preparedness Checklist
The next time disaster strikes, you may not have much time to act. Prepare now for a sudden emergency.
Learn how to protect yourself and cope with disaster by planning ahead. This checklist will help you
get started. Discuss these ideas with your family, then prepare an emergency plan. Post the plan where
everyone will see it--on the refrigerator or bulletin board. For additional information about how to
prepare for hazards in your community, contact your local emergency management or civil defense office
and your American Red Cross chapter.
**Please click here to learn helpful tips in regards to
taking care of your pets in the case of an emergency.**
Take a Basic First Aid and CPR Class
Keep family records in a water-and fire-proof container.
- A place near your home in case of a fire.
- A place outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home after a disaster.
Prepare a Disaster Supplies Kit
Assemble supplies you might need in an evacuation. Store them in an easy-to-carry container, such as a backpack or duffle bag. Include:
- A supply of water (one gallon per person per day). Store water in sealed, unbreakable containers. Identify the storage date and replace every six months.
- A supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric can opener.
- A change of clothing, rain gear, and sturdy shoes.
- Blankets or sleeping bags.
- A first aid kit and prescription medications.
- An extra pair of glasses.
- A battery-powered radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries.
- Credit cards and cash.
- An extra set of car keys.
- A list of family physicians.
- A list of important family information; the style and serial number of medical devices, such as pacemakers.
- Special items for infants, elderly, or disabled family members.
In a fire or other emergency, you may need to evacuate your house, apartment, or mobile home on a
moment's notice. You should be ready to get out fast.
Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of your residence. Using a black or blue pen, show the
location of doors, windows, stairways, and large furniture. Indicate the location of emergency supplies
(Disaster Supplies Kit), fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, collapsible ladders, first aid kits, and
utility shut off points. Next, use a colored pen to draw a broken line charting at least two escape
routes from each room. Finally, mark a place outside of the home where household members should meet in
case of fire. Be sure to include important points outside, such as garages, patios, stairways, elevators,
driveways, and porches. If your home has more than two floors, use an additional sheet of paper. Practice
emergency evacuation drills with all household members at least two times each year.
Home Hazard Hunt
- In a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury and damage. Anything that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire is a potential hazard.
- Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.
- Fasten shelves securely.
- Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves.
- Hang pictures and mirrors away from beds.
- Brace overhead light fixtures.
- Secure water heater. Strap to wall studs.
- Repair cracks in ceilings or foundations.
- Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products away from heat sources.
- Place oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.
- Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors, and gas vents.
If You Need to Evacuate. . .
- Listen to a battery-powered radio for the location of emergency shelters.
- Follow instructions of local officials.
- Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
- Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
- Lock your home.
- Use travel routes specified by local officials.
If you are sure you have time ...
- Shut off water, gas, and electricity, if instructed to do so.
- Let others know when you left and where you are going.
- Make arrangements for pets. Animals are not be allowed in public shelters.
Prepare an Emergency Car Kit Include:
- Battery powered radio and extra batteries
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- Booster cables
- Fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type)
- First aid kit and manual
- Bottled water and non-perishable high energy foods, such as granola bars, raisins and peanut butter.
- Tire repair kit and pump
- Plan two escape routes out of each room.
- Teach family members to stay low to the ground when escaping from a fire.
- Teach family members never to open doors that are hot. In a fire, feel the bottom of the door with the palm of your hand. If it is hot, do not open the door. Find another way out.
- Install smoke detectors. Clean and test smoke detectors once a month.
- Change batteries at least once a year.
- Keep a whistle in each bedroom to awaken household members in case of fire.
- Check electrical outlets. Do not overload outlets.
- Purchase a fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type).
- Have a collapsible ladder on each upper floor of your house.
- Consider installing home sprinklers.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency's Family Protection Program and the American Red Cross' Disaster
Education Program are nationwide efforts to help citizens prepare for disasters of all types. For more
information, please contact your local emergency management or civil defense office, and your local American
Red Cross chapter. Start planning now. Request free family protection publications by writing to:
P.O. Box 70274
Washington, D.C. 20024.
Ask for: "Are You Ready?", "Your Family Disaster Supplies Kit" and "Emergency Food and Water Supplies."